Fishing beaches and rocks is popular all over the world, due to the easy accessibility of the location. With beach fishing it is important to be able to 'read the beach' to find areas that are more likely to produce fish. This takes skill and local knowledge but with experience you will learn how to spot these areas at a glance. You also have to be very careful indeed of swimmers and holidaymakers either in or out of the water.


Fishing by trolling (not trawling) is the typical Greek method of angling. It means to draw a baited line through the water. This is an easy method of catching big fish with no expensive tackle. You do not need anything other than to hire a small boat and know where to go. Deep water trolling using live bait of sardines or lures. It is the best way to catch top quality clean fish.

The method is well-known and the system has been tried in the Mediterranean since antiquity. It's the only way to catch high quality, bigger fish such as synagrides (sea bream) and black fish (epinefelus).

All you need are a line, some weights, swivels and the lure.


The line should be 1,2 mm diameter or No 120, weights, 130 gr each. You will need about one weight for any one fathom (6ft) of depth when fishing, so if we want to fish at 20 fathoms we need 20 weights. The line should be placed through the weights and the distance one to other approx 5 fathoms.


In addition, some lighter weights are required, two of 50 gr and one of 30 gr, those should be placed first, near the lure. All you then have to do is to lower your bait on or near the bottom and troll with the help of the engine at a steady speed of about 3 miles per hour. This is best done over the reef where we know from experience the fish are. You must then steer your course with changes of direction with wide twists around the reef. The bait has to be properly weighted allowing it to sway evenly, because bait that only sways one way rarely catches fish. The movement of your bait plays a major role in the success of your catch. Bait around 14 to 18cm is a good choice and the line should not be over No 70, (0,7mm). The bait shouldn't have any weight or swivel near it, these have to be at least 5 fathom (30ft) away. 


This method of fishing can be rather heavy and can literally make a mark on your hands. Unless you are an old hand at it you have to wear gloves for protection, to stop the 'burn'.
When you have struck lucky and caught a fish the line, as you can imagine, gets heavier and heavier and can start to make its mark quite quickly on your strength. The adrenaline now certainly starts with the heart beating faster and now you have to act with care and ease and pull your catch on board. The line should be stretched and slow down your reeling in speed. Not too loose otherwise the fish will return into the rocks.




Atherina (sand-smelt or silverside)
Marida (whitebait)
Zargana (garpike)
Kefalos (flathead and grey mullet)
Gilos (ornate and rainbow wrasse)
Perka (painted comber)
Hanos (comber)
Kokovios (goby)
Kalogria (damselfish)
Glossa (sole)
Zargana (garpike)
Moungri (conger eel)
Kolios (chub mackerel)
Xifias (swordfish)
Galeos (dogfish)
Lavraki (sea Bass)
Fagria (sea bream)

Sargos (white Sea bream)
Tsipoura (gilthead sea bream)
Barbouni (red mullet)
Synagrides (common dentex)
Bakaliaros (cod or whiting)
Sfyrida (white grouper)
Rofos (dusky grouper)
Epinefelus (black fish)
Rofos (grouper)
Saliara (tentacled blenny)
Drakaina (greater weever)
Skorpidi (scorpion fish)
Xtapodi (octopus)
Sardela (pilchard or sardine)
Soupia (cuttlefish)
Kalamari (squid)
Garida (prawn)



This information is not to stop you from fishing but I do believe in giving all relevant points and legal requirements if applicable.


GAVROS - Live in the greater surface area, but it also appears in depths of up to 180 metres. It creates dense shoals. During winter it goes to greater depths, while in the summer it approaches the surface. Its length reaches 20 cm. It feeds on plankton. It's reproduction period is usually during the summer months. The smallest allowed size of the gavros is 9 cm.


GOPA - Lives in depths up to 200 metres, in murky, rocky and sandy bottoms. It's length reaches 36 cm. It lives in shoals, feeding on algae. Its reproduction period is between February and May.


MACKEREL - Live in intermediate levels of water and near the bottom, in depths up to 250-300 metres, its length reaches 50 cm. It lives in shoals and is migratory. It feeds usually on small fish (sardines, gavro etc) and invertebrates. Its reproduction period is from June till August.


MARIDA - The most characteristic fish of the Greek seas (and the Greek diet]. It lives in the murky bottom, in depths from 15 to 100 metres. Its length reaches 15-20 cm (female-male). It feeds on plankton and organisms. It's reproduction period is during March and May.


STOCKFISH - Live in the bottom at several hundreds of metres, mainly at the sea crypt. It creates dense shoals and migrates. The young tend to live closer to the coasts. Its length reaches 120 cm. It feeds on fish (gavro, marida, sardines etc.). The reproduction period is throughout the year, mainly though in winter and spring. The smallest allowed size of the stockfish is 20 cm.


RED-MULLET - Live at the bottom and in depths of less than 100 metres. It creates relatively large shoals. Its length reaches 40 cm. It feeds on organisms living on the bottoms and small fish. Its reproduction period is from April till June. The smallest allowed length of red mullet is 11 cm. However, often you'll find them sold much smaller. Simply ignore them or they will continue to be fished below the regulation size.


SWORD FISH - Are surface fish of the open sea. Large migrations throughout the Mediterranean Sea, following certain sea currents. Its fishing and consequently its protection, concerns all the Mediterranean countries. Its length surpasses 4 metres and its weight reaches 500 kgs. It feeds on fish and squid. It lays its eggs during the summer months (June - July) in specific marine areas. Greek fishermen fish this almost exclusively with fishing nets (sword-fish fishing net), whereas Italian fishermen use driftnets, which cause the death of thousands of dolphins. turtles, whales and many other marine creatures. For its protection and after a special request from the interested fishermen, its fishing is prohibited from October through January. The least allowed size of the sword fish is 120 cm (the "sword" is not included in this length). Actually, the swordfish is found in fish markets all year round, very often under aged swordfish, of a much smaller size than the one allowed. Its over fishing has led to the decrease of its stock.


SARDINES - Live in depths up to 180 metres. It performs daily vertical movements. It creates shoals and migrates. Its length reaches 25 cm. It feeds on plankton. The reproduction period expands from September till June, presenting a maximum in autumn and spring. The rest of the period it approaches the seashore where it is fished intensively. Because their price in the market is often judged as non profitable, hundreds of tons of sardines are thrown into the sea each year.


TUNA - For many, it is considered as the master of the open seas. They create shoals and migrate all over the Mediterranean, following the waters of specific temperatures. Hyperactive fish, especially strong and muscular, with a perfect hydrodynamic shape. Its length reaches 4,5 metres and its weight 650 kgs. It feeds on fish. In the Mediterranean it reproduces between May and June. The leading world consumer of tuna is Japan, where the largest amount of the Mediterranean production is exported to. The value of a great tuna can easily be estimated to more than 2 million drachma in the Japanese fish stock market. This explains the intense over fishing of tuna. Every summer, except the Mediterranean owned fishing boats, boats with Korean or Japanese flags, or no flag at all, are devoted in the cruel hunt of tuna, targeting the gold bearing fish markets of the East. In Greece, the least allowed fishing size of tuna is 60 cm.


Under aged red-mullets and stockfish are freely sold in the market. Under aged fish of any kind, of microscopic size, are sold as 'atherina'. The fishing of under aged fish reduces constantly their ability to reproduce and compensate for the loss in their population. The swordfish, despite the protective measures, is fished and sold illegally. For the last tuna in the Mediterranean, the voyage to Japan seems inevitable. The cephalopods, the family of stockfish and the species of Koutsomoura and red-mullet are over fished. Gavros also undergoes over fishing. The need for management of the stocks of the Greek seas is obvious.




The life style of the locals was once simple and unassuming. However, there were times when a distant thunder 'washed' to the shore a message of impending grief. This thunder was identified by the locals as 'fishing with dynamite', an illegal activity which has been going on for a good number of years. This activity, still illegal today, is governed by the law of 'omerta' (silence). The locals are unwilling to disclose any information about the specific individuals who are involved in this type of activity.
In the past, fishing by dynamite was the last resort of poor fishermen for whom a fishing boat was beyond their financial reach. A defective 'stick', a short fuse, and lack of experience were usually responsible for the mutilation, even the death, of these poor people.

Today fishing by dynamite is strongly criticised by professional fishermen and is deplored by nature lovers and conservationists.




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